ICLAIM joined a new project with the School of Law of UCLan Cyprus on smuggling and human trafficking across the Green Line in Cyprus. Its overall objective is to examine, detect, and understand the criminal activities of smuggling and trafficking across the UN-controlled buffer zone, and increase awareness as to how lives and interests are endangered by various illegal activities.

The project will enhance the sustainability of the island in an intercommunal, national and international setting by increasing awareness as to how lives and interests at stake are endangered by various illegal activities, particularly smuggling of illicit goods, smuggling of persons and human trafficking. An ancillary objective is to enhance the ethical literacy, performance effectiveness of those in NGOs, law enforcement, legal and justice sectors who engage in the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of criminal activities across the Green Line. It is thus a capacity building research that aims at educating and spreading awareness to a variety of individuals ranging from frontline workers to law makers, law enforcement agencies and other experts as well as students, young people and the general public, through a two-way transfer of knowledge (role of ICLAIM).

The project completed the following activities to achieve its objectives: 

  1. Launch event of preventing, detecting, investigating and prosecuting smuggling and trafficking of persons across the Green Line: A network of stakeholders, which included frontline workers such as NGOs and professionals, came together to provide a sustainable framework in which outreach and dissemination has taken place. A number of specialists delivered seminars while participants shared their insights and knowledge of modern human trafficking and economic crime through smuggling and ways in which such criminal activities can be avoided/combatted, drawing best practices from other countries and suggesting ways forward in Cyprus through facilitated focus groups. The outcomes of the event focused on improving the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of smuggling of illicit goods, persons and human trafficking, adopting a holistic multi-disciplinary approach, of relevance to the whole of Cyprus through the Green Line. 

  2. The following seminars were delivered:

    ‘Policing across the Green Line’ - Dr Nasia Hadjigeorgiou, Assistant Professor in Transitional Justice and Human Rights, Deputy Head, School of Law, UCLan Cyprus and ICLAIM Resident Expert

    ‘Smuggling of Persons and Goods across the Green Line: A prevailing phenomenon’ – Ms. Andrea Manoli, Lecturer in Foundations of English and Cypriot Law, School of Law, UCLan Cyprus, SHT Project Coordinator and ICLAIM Researcher (up to January 2022)

    ‘Combatting Human Trafficking in Cyprus: Law and Practice’ – Dr Demetra Loizou, Lecturer in International Criminal Law, School of Law, UCLan Cyprus and ICLAIM Resident Expert, and Ms Fezile Osum, Research Scholar, School of Law, UCLan Cyprus and ICLAIM Researcher

    They were followed by a focus group and a brainstorming session chaired by Prof. Stéphanie Laulhé Shaelou, Professor of European Law and Reform and Head, School of Law, UCLan Cyprus and ICLAIM Founder.

  3. The following trainings were delivered:
    Webinar on ‘Human Trafficking and the Buffer Zone in Cyprus’ https://htsproject.uclancyprus.ac.cy/webinar-on-human-trafficking-and-the-buffer-zone-in-cyprus-dr-nasia-hadjigeorgiou/

    CPD Online Training on ‘Strategic Litigation in the field of Human Trafficking’  https://htsproject.uclancyprus.ac.cy/online-training-strategic-litigation-in-the-field-of-human-trafficking-prof-stephanie-laulhe-shaelou-catherine-meredith-anthony-vaughan-grainne-mellon/

    Webinar on ‘Mapping Human Smuggling and Trafficking across the Green Line’ https://htsproject.uclancyprus.ac.cy/mapping-human-smuggling-and-trafficking/

    Webinar on ‘The Green Line Regulation and Smuggling of Illicit Goods’ https://htsproject.uclancyprus.ac.cy/green-line-regulation-and-smuggling-of-goods/

    CPD Online Training on ‘Becoming Trauma Informed Professionals’ https://htsproject.uclancyprus.ac.cy/becoming-trauma-informed-professionals/

  4. The Handbook of Good Practices and methods of investigation to assess and tackle criminal activities and economic crimes across the Green Line was prepared as a free online resource in which various resources are gathered and collected as a one-stop-shop to be accessed by all interested stakeholders. 

    The Handbook of Good Practices and methods seeks to investigate, identify, assess and tackle criminal and illicit activities of relevance to smuggling and human trafficking across the Green Line. The Handbook also embeds several recommendations to provide a more effective response to the phenomena of human trafficking and smuggling.

    See the English, Greek and Turkish versions here:




  5. The Digital Platform was launched where academics and other stakeholders can share their research/blog posts to create an ongoing network that aims to offer practical guidance to law and order professionals, other frontline workers and young people in line with Cypriot, EU, UN and other policies/frameworks. 

  6. The Report on Smuggling and Trafficking of Persons Across the Green Line forms part of the Deliverables of the project entitled ‘Smuggling and Trafficking across the Green Line’ which is implemented by UCLan Cyprus in 2021-22. The Report aims at enhancing the academic literature on human smuggling and trafficking and smuggling of goods across the Green Line. The second aim is to report on the activities of the project. In doing so, the report is divided in two parts. The first part of the current report provides a brief literature on the phenomena examined by the project. The second part reports on the activities of the project which were completed with the support of the knowledge partners of UCLAN Cyprus: ICLAIM  and Step Up Stop Slavery. 

    See the English, Greek and Turkish versions here:




    Duration of project: 1st August 2021 – 31 February 2022

    ICLAIM Experts participating in the project: Prof. Stephanie Laulhe Shaelou, Dr. Athanasia Hadjigeorgiou, Dr. Demetra Loizou, Dr. Katerina Kalaitzaki, Ms Andrea Manoli, Ms Fezile Osum

    Visit https://htsproject.uclancyprus.ac.cy/